**Hair loss (Baldness in men/women):

1. The most common type of hair loss starts in males from about the age of 30. It is known as androgenetic alopecia or ‘male pattern baldness’. It is thought to be hereditary, and dependent on the male hormone, testosterone. How quickly or slowly baldness develops, and the pattern of hair loss, appear to be genetically determined. Although this type of baldness can also affect women, the pattern of baldness is different in males and females.

2. Other forms of baldnessHair loss that is not hereditary may be caused by pregnancy, hormonal or other medicines, severe nutritional deficiencies, chemotherapy, auto-immune disorders, an under-active thyroid or scalp trauma, including reactions to hair care products and hair grooming methods.

3. Telogen effluvium is a form of temporary generalised hair loss that may follow childbirth, illness, operation or severe shock.

4. Alopecia areata is an auto-immune condition, usually causing discrete patches of hair loss, but may cause total baldness. The hair usually (but not always) re-grows. 

5. Trichotillomania is a condition of compulsive hair picking or pulling that can lead to patches of near complete hair loss.

How does hair grow?:

The human scalp contains about 100,000 follicles. These anchor the hair to the skin and contain the cells that produce new hairs. Normal hair grows in 3 phases.

  1. The anagen or follicle growing phase starts growing the new hair. This phase is genetically determined and can vary from 2 to 5 years (the average is just under 3 years).
  2. The catagen phase is a transition stage between the growing and resting phases.
  3. The telogen or resting phase is a mature hair with a root, which is held very loosely in the follicle. The telogen phase generally lasts about 3 months. About 100 telogen hairs are lost from the human scalp each day.

In hereditary hair loss, the follicle becomes smaller, the anagen phase is shorter and the telogen hairs are shed faster.

When should you seek medical advice?:

You should seek medical advice for hair loss if:

  • you are a woman who has recently given birth;
  • you are a woman whose hair loss is in a male pattern and is accompanied by excess growth of facial and body hair;
  • you have been diagnosed with (or think you may have) an auto-immune disorder such as systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE), nutritional deficiency or thyroid disease;
  • you have been recently treated with chemotherapy or have used a hormonal medicine;
  • the hair loss occurs in discrete patches;
  • the hair loss is associated with scaling or inflammation of the scalp;
  • you also have loss of body hair;
  • you are aware you have a compulsive hair-pulling habit; or
  • the hair loss cannot be explained by hereditary factors.

Treatment options:

Hair loss medication products for the treatment of baldness are classified as pharmacist-only or prescription-only medicines. Early treatment of hereditary hair loss is more successful when started at the first signs of hair thinning. Treatment must be continuous to maintain re-growth. If the treatment is stopped, re-growth ceases and hair loss will start again. The effectiveness of treatment may not be measurable for up to 12 months.

1.Topical: Minoxidil topical lotion, such as Rogaine, can slow progressive balding in hereditary hair loss, but not all hair will grow back. You should apply the lotion to your scalp while it is dry and leave it for at least 4 hours after application. You should not exceed the recommended dose, as over-use will not achieve better or faster growth. The most common side effect is an itchy scalp. You should always wash your hands thoroughly after applying the lotion, and avoid getting it in your eyes, nose or mouth. When taken in tablet form, minoxidil is used to treat high blood pressure and, if accidentally swallowed, could potentially affect normal heart function and blood pressure. This product should not be used by women during pregnancy or breastfeeding. In addition we have Hair strengthening shampoo, conditioner and treatment

2.Oral: Finasteride tablets (Propecia) are another treatment available on prescription, but are for the treatment of androgenic alopecia (male pattern baldness) in men only.

3. Mesotherapy: Multiple injections of multivitamin and minerals into the scalp. It is suitable for men and women.

4.Lachevlure: State of the Art Hair regrowth Laser and Light therapy

5.PRP (Platelets Rich Plasma)

Please make an appointment for discussion of the treatment options